The way you live is reflected directly in the heart. Following some simple rules can help you not only recover after a heart attack or stroke but also prevent them.
Stop Smoking! It increases twice the risk of stroke. It damages the blood vessels, increases blood clotting, increases blood pressure and forces the heart to work harder. Also, avoid “passive” smoking. Much of the harmful chemicals of cigarettes are contained in cigarette smoke.
Check your cholesterol levels regularly by blood tests with your doctor. If the levels of “bad” LDL-cholesterol are high, he may recommend medications or dietary changes to lower your values and improve your health.
Walk regularly on prophylactic examinations. Some of the greatest risk factors for heart attack and stroke such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes in the early stages do not cause any symptoms. If they are available, the doctor may prescribe treatment for them to prevent complications.
Control your blood pressure! For more than two consecutive measurements of values above 120/80 within one week, visit a doctor.
Move! Regular exercise improves heart and blood vessel function by helping maintain the healthy weight, control diabetes, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure. Exercises should not be heavy or exhausting. For example, walking 30 minutes a day, five days a week, can improve your health.
Maintain a healthy weight. Excess kilograms load the heart and may worsen blood counts. Exercise, frequent eating four to five times a day with low calorie and salt-poor foods, is the way to overweight.
Consume food that is good for the heart and blood vessels. Too many saturated fatty acids and cholesterol may lead to the formation of atherosclerotic plaques in the arteries. The fish contain omega-3 fatty acids that improve cholesterol levels. Eat lots of fruits and vegetables.
Reduce stress! Stress is a major risk factor for coronary and cerebrovascular accidents, reducing the motivation to perform health-conscious activities. High levels of stress are also associated with increased blood pressure.
If you drink alcohol, do it moderately. Drinking more than two drinks a day increases your blood pressure.
Check for early onset symptoms of coronary artery disease such as new-onset shortness of breath and chest pain in efforts that have not previously caused them.
Treat your heart problems! Cardiac arrhythmias are an uneven heartbeat. Atrial fibrillation is an arrhythmia that can increase the risk of stroke by 50%. Some people with atrial fibrillation have no symptoms and are detected by a doctor. Those who have symptoms complain of palpitations, “jumping of the heart” (feeling of an uneven heartbeat), dizziness, confusion, shortness of breath, chest pain, and so on.
Transient disturbances of cerebral blood flow! These are episodes with stroke-like symptoms that last from minutes to 24 hours but do not cause permanent damage. Symptoms include speech, paralysis or weakness on the hand or leg, paralysis in one-half of the face. The picture of transient disorders may contain one or more of the listed symptoms, as well as others depending on which of the cerebral arteries are affected. It is considered a warning sign for a stroke. More than 40% of people with transient ischemic attack also suffer from a stroke.